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Description:
  ffmpegAMV
Language: C/C++
Code:
/*
 * FFmpeg main
 * Copyright (c) 2000-2003 Fabrice Bellard
 *
 * This file is part of FFmpeg.
 *
 * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
 */

#include "config.h"
#include <ctype.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include "avformat.h"
#include "swscale.h"
#include "framehook.h"
#include "opt.h"
#include "fifo.h"
#include "avstring.h"

#if !defined(HAVE_GETRUSAGE) && defined(HAVE_GETPROCESSTIMES)
#include <windows.h>
#endif

#if defined(HAVE_TERMIOS_H)
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <termios.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#elif defined(HAVE_CONIO_H)
#include <conio.h>
#endif
#undef time //needed because HAVE_AV_CONFIG_H is defined on top
#include <time.h>

#include "version.h"
#include "cmdutils.h"

#undef NDEBUG
#include <assert.h>

#if !defined(INFINITY) && defined(HUGE_VAL)
#define INFINITY HUGE_VAL
#endif

#undef exit

static const char program_name[] = "AMV FFmpeg";
static const int program_birth_year = 2000;

/* select an input stream for an output stream */
typedef struct AVStreamMap {
    int file_index;
    int stream_index;
    int sync_file_index;
    int sync_stream_index;
} AVStreamMap;

/** select an input file for an output file */
typedef struct AVMetaDataMap {
    int out_file;
    int in_file;
} AVMetaDataMap;

extern const OptionDef options[];

static void show_help(void);
static void opt_show_license(void);
static int opt_default(const char *opt, const char *arg);

#define MAX_FILES 20

static AVFormatContext *input_files[MAX_FILES];
static int64_t input_files_ts_offset[MAX_FILES];
static int nb_input_files = 0;

static AVFormatContext *output_files[MAX_FILES];
static int nb_output_files = 0;

static AVStreamMap stream_maps[MAX_FILES];
static int nb_stream_maps;

static AVMetaDataMap meta_data_maps[MAX_FILES];
static int nb_meta_data_maps;

static AVInputFormat *file_iformat;
static AVOutputFormat *file_oformat;
static int frame_width  = 0;
static int frame_height = 0;
static float frame_aspect_ratio = 0;
static enum PixelFormat frame_pix_fmt = PIX_FMT_NONE;
static int frame_padtop  = 0;
static int frame_padbottom = 0;
static int frame_padleft  = 0;
static int frame_padright = 0;
static int padcolor[3] = {16,128,128}; /* default to black */
static int frame_topBand  = 0;
static int frame_bottomBand = 0;
static int frame_leftBand  = 0;
static int frame_rightBand = 0;
static int max_frames[4] = {INT_MAX, INT_MAX, INT_MAX, INT_MAX};
static AVRational frame_rate = (AVRational) {25,1};
static float video_qscale = 0;
static int video_qdiff = 3;
static uint16_t *intra_matrix = NULL;
static uint16_t *inter_matrix = NULL;
#if 0 //experimental, (can be removed)
static float video_rc_qsquish=1.0;
static float video_rc_qmod_amp=0;
static int video_rc_qmod_freq=0;
#endif
static char *video_rc_override_string=NULL;
static char *video_rc_eq="tex^qComp";
static int video_disable = 0;
static int video_discard = 0;
static char *video_codec_name = NULL;
static int video_codec_tag = 0;
static int same_quality = 0;
static int do_deinterlace = 0;
static int strict = 0;
static int top_field_first = -1;
static int me_threshold = 0;
static int intra_dc_precision = 8;
static int loop_input = 0;
static int loop_output = AVFMT_NOOUTPUTLOOP;
static int qp_hist = 0;

static int intra_only = 0;
static int audio_sample_rate = 44100;
#define QSCALE_NONE -99999
static float audio_qscale = QSCALE_NONE;
static int audio_disable = 0;
static int audio_channels = 1;
static char  *audio_codec_name = NULL;
static int audio_codec_tag = 0;
static char *audio_language = NULL;

static int subtitle_disable = 0;
static char *subtitle_codec_name = NULL;
static char *subtitle_language = NULL;

static float mux_preload= 0.5;
static float mux_max_delay= 0.7;

static int64_t recording_time = 0;
static int64_t start_time = 0;
static int64_t rec_timestamp = 0;
static int64_t input_ts_offset = 0;
static int file_overwrite = 0;
static char *str_title = NULL;
static char *str_author = NULL;
static char *str_copyright = NULL;
static char *str_comment = NULL;
static char *str_album = NULL;
static int do_benchmark = 0;
static int do_hex_dump = 0;
static int do_pkt_dump = 0;
static int do_psnr = 0;
static int do_pass = 0;
static char *pass_logfilename = NULL;
static int audio_stream_copy = 0;
static int video_stream_copy = 0;
static int subtitle_stream_copy = 0;
static int video_sync_method= 1;
static int audio_sync_method= 0;
static float audio_drift_threshold= 0.1;
static int copy_ts= 0;
static int opt_shortest = 0; //
static int video_global_header = 0;
static char *vstats_filename;
static FILE *vstats_file;
static int opt_programid = 0;

static int rate_emu = 0;

static int  video_channel = 0;
static char *video_standard;

static int audio_volume = 256;

static int using_stdin = 0;
static int using_vhook = 0;
static int verbose = 1;
static int thread_count= 1;
static int q_pressed = 0;
static int64_t video_size = 0;
static int64_t audio_size = 0;
static int64_t extra_size = 0;
static int nb_frames_dup = 0;
static int nb_frames_drop = 0;
static int input_sync;
static uint64_t limit_filesize = 0; //

static int pgmyuv_compatibility_hack=0;
static float dts_delta_threshold = 10;

static int sws_flags = SWS_BICUBIC;

static const char **opt_names;
static int opt_name_count;
static AVCodecContext *avctx_opts[CODEC_TYPE_NB];
static AVFormatContext *avformat_opts;
static struct SwsContext *sws_opts;
static int64_t timer_start;

static AVBitStreamFilterContext *video_bitstream_filters=NULL;
static AVBitStreamFilterContext *audio_bitstream_filters=NULL;
static AVBitStreamFilterContext *bitstream_filters[MAX_FILES][MAX_STREAMS];

#define DEFAULT_PASS_LOGFILENAME "ffmpeg2pass"

struct AVInputStream;

typedef struct AVOutputStream {
    int file_index;          /* file index */
    int index;               /* stream index in the output file */
    int source_index;        /* AVInputStream index */
    AVStream *st;            /* stream in the output file */
    int encoding_needed;     /* true if encoding needed for this stream */
    int frame_number;
    /* input pts and corresponding output pts
       for A/V sync */
    //double sync_ipts;        /* dts from the AVPacket of the demuxer in second units */
    struct AVInputStream *sync_ist; /* input stream to sync against */
    int64_t sync_opts;       /* output frame counter, could be changed to some true timestamp */ //FIXME look at frame_number
    /* video only */
    int video_resample;
    AVFrame pict_tmp;      /* temporary image for resampling */
    struct SwsContext *img_resample_ctx; /* for image resampling */
    int resample_height;

    int video_crop;
    int topBand;             /* cropping area sizes */
    int leftBand;

    int video_pad;
    int padtop;              /* padding area sizes */
    int padbottom;
    int padleft;
    int padright;

    /* audio only */
    int audio_resample;
    ReSampleContext *resample; /* for audio resampling */
    AVFifoBuffer fifo;     /* for compression: one audio fifo per codec */
    FILE *logfile;
} AVOutputStream;

typedef struct AVInputStream {
    int file_index;
    int index;
    AVStream *st;
    int discard;             /* true if stream data should be discarded */
    int decoding_needed;     /* true if the packets must be decoded in 'raw_fifo' */
    int64_t sample_index;      /* current sample */

    int64_t       start;     /* time when read started */
    unsigned long frame;     /* current frame */
    int64_t       next_pts;  /* synthetic pts for cases where pkt.pts
                                is not defined */
    int64_t       pts;       /* current pts */
    int is_start;            /* is 1 at the start and after a discontinuity */
} AVInputStream;

typedef struct AVInputFile {
    int eof_reached;      /* true if eof reached */
    int ist_index;        /* index of first stream in ist_table */
    int buffer_size;      /* current total buffer size */
    int nb_streams;       /* nb streams we are aware of */
} AVInputFile;

#ifdef HAVE_TERMIOS_H

/* init terminal so that we can grab keys */
static struct termios oldtty;
#endif

static void term_exit(void)
{
#ifdef HAVE_TERMIOS_H
    tcsetattr (0, TCSANOW, &oldtty);
#endif
}

static volatile sig_atomic_t received_sigterm = 0;

static void
sigterm_handler(int sig)
{
    received_sigterm = sig;
    term_exit();
}

static void term_init(void)
{
#ifdef HAVE_TERMIOS_H
    struct termios tty;

    tcgetattr (0, &tty);
    oldtty = tty;

    tty.c_iflag &= ~(IGNBRK|BRKINT|PARMRK|ISTRIP
                          |INLCR|IGNCR|ICRNL|IXON);
    tty.c_oflag |= OPOST;
    tty.c_lflag &= ~(ECHO|ECHONL|ICANON|IEXTEN);
    tty.c_cflag &= ~(CSIZE|PARENB);
    tty.c_cflag |= CS8;
    tty.c_cc[VMIN] = 1;
    tty.c_cc[VTIME] = 0;

    tcsetattr (0, TCSANOW, &tty);
    signal(SIGQUIT, sigterm_handler); /* Quit (POSIX).  */
#endif

    signal(SIGINT , sigterm_handler); /* Interrupt (ANSI).  */
    signal(SIGTERM, sigterm_handler); /* Termination (ANSI).  */
    /*
    register a function to be called at normal program termination
    */
    atexit(term_exit);
#ifdef CONFIG_BEOS_NETSERVER
    fcntl(0, F_SETFL, fcntl(0, F_GETFL) | O_NONBLOCK);
#endif
}

/* read a key without blocking */
static int read_key(void)
{
#if defined(HAVE_TERMIOS_H)
    int n = 1;
    unsigned char ch;
#ifndef CONFIG_BEOS_NETSERVER
    struct timeval tv;
    fd_set rfds;

    FD_ZERO(&rfds);
    FD_SET(0, &rfds);
    tv.tv_sec = 0;
    tv.tv_usec = 0;
    n = select(1, &rfds, NULL, NULL, &tv);
#endif
    if (n > 0) {
        n = read(0, &ch, 1);
        if (n == 1)
            return ch;

        return n;
    }
#elif defined(HAVE_CONIO_H)
    if(kbhit())
        return(getch());
#endif
    return -1;
}

static int decode_interrupt_cb(void)
{
    return q_pressed || (q_pressed = read_key() == 'q');
}

static int read_ffserver_streams(AVFormatContext *s, const char *filename)
{
    int i, err;
    AVFormatContext *ic;

    err = av_open_input_file(&ic, filename, NULL, FFM_PACKET_SIZE, NULL);
    if (err < 0)
        return err;
    /* copy stream format */
    s->nb_streams = ic->nb_streams;
    for(i=0;i<ic->nb_streams;i++) {
        AVStream *st;

        // FIXME: a more elegant solution is needed
        st = av_mallocz(sizeof(AVStream));
        memcpy(st, ic->streams[i], sizeof(AVStream));
        st->codec = avcodec_alloc_context();
        memcpy(st->codec, ic->streams[i]->codec, sizeof(AVCodecContext));
        s->streams[i] = st;
    }

    av_close_input_file(ic);
    return 0;
}

static double
get_sync_ipts(const AVOutputStream *ost)
{
    const AVInputStream *ist = ost->sync_ist;
    return (double)(ist->pts - start_time)/AV_TIME_BASE;
}

static void write_frame(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt, AVCodecContext *avctx, AVBitStreamFilterContext *bsfc){
    while(bsfc){
        AVPacket new_pkt= *pkt;
        int a= av_bitstream_filter_filter(bsfc, avctx, NULL,
                                          &new_pkt.data, &new_pkt.size,
                                          pkt->data, pkt->size,
                                          pkt->flags & PKT_FLAG_KEY);
        if(a){
            av_free_packet(pkt);
            new_pkt.destruct= av_destruct_packet;
        }
        *pkt= new_pkt;

        bsfc= bsfc->next;
    }

    av_interleaved_write_frame(s, pkt);
}

#define MAX_AUDIO_PACKET_SIZE (128 * 1024)

static void do_audio_out(AVFormatContext *s,
                         AVOutputStream *ost,
                         AVInputStream *ist,
                         unsigned char *buf, int size)
{
    uint8_t *buftmp;
    static uint8_t *audio_buf = NULL;
    static uint8_t *audio_out = NULL;
    const int audio_out_size= 4*MAX_AUDIO_PACKET_SIZE;

    int size_out, frame_bytes, ret;
    AVCodecContext *enc= ost->st->codec;

    /* SC: dynamic allocation of buffers */
    if (!audio_buf)
        audio_buf = av_malloc(2*MAX_AUDIO_PACKET_SIZE);
    if (!audio_out)
        audio_out = av_malloc(audio_out_size);
    if (!audio_buf || !audio_out)
        return;               /* Should signal an error ! */

    if(audio_sync_method){
        double delta = get_sync_ipts(ost) * enc->sample_rate - ost->sync_opts
                - av_fifo_size(&ost->fifo)/(ost->st->codec->channels * 2);
        double idelta= delta*ist->st->codec->sample_rate / enc->sample_rate;
        int byte_delta= ((int)idelta)*2*ist->st->codec->channels;

        //FIXME resample delay
        if(fabs(delta) > 50){
            if(ist->is_start || fabs(delta) > audio_drift_threshold*enc->sample_rate){
                if(byte_delta < 0){
                    byte_delta= FFMAX(byte_delta, -size);
                    size += byte_delta;
                    buf  -= byte_delta;
                    if(verbose > 2)
                        fprintf(stderr, "discarding %d audio samples\n", (int)-delta);
                    if(!size)
                        return;
                    ist->is_start=0;
                }else{
                    static uint8_t *input_tmp= NULL;
                    input_tmp= av_realloc(input_tmp, byte_delta + size);

                    if(byte_delta + size <= MAX_AUDIO_PACKET_SIZE)
                        ist->is_start=0;
                    else
                        byte_delta= MAX_AUDIO_PACKET_SIZE - size;

                    memset(input_tmp, 0, byte_delta);
                    memcpy(input_tmp + byte_delta, buf, size);
                    buf= input_tmp;
                    size += byte_delta;
                    if(verbose > 2)
                        fprintf(stderr, "adding %d audio samples of silence\n", (int)delta);
                }
            }else if(audio_sync_method>1){
                int comp= av_clip(delta, -audio_sync_method, audio_sync_method);
                assert(ost->audio_resample);
                if(verbose > 2)
                    fprintf(stderr, "compensating audio timestamp drift:%f compensation:%d in:%d\n", delta, comp, enc->sample_rate);
//                fprintf(stderr, "drift:%f len:%d opts:%"PRId64" ipts:%"PRId64" fifo:%d\n", delta, -1, ost->sync_opts, (int64_t)(get_sync_ipts(ost) * enc->sample_rate), av_fifo_size(&ost->fifo)/(ost->st->codec->channels * 2));
                av_resample_compensate(*(struct AVResampleContext**)ost->resample, comp, enc->sample_rate);
            }
        }
    }else
        ost->sync_opts= lrintf(get_sync_ipts(ost) * enc->sample_rate)
                        - av_fifo_size(&ost->fifo)/(ost->st->codec->channels * 2); //FIXME wrong

    if (ost->audio_resample) {
        buftmp = audio_buf;
        size_out = audio_resample(ost->resample,
                                  (short *)buftmp, (short *)buf,
                                  size / (ist->st->codec->channels * 2));
        size_out = size_out * enc->channels * 2;
    } else {
        buftmp = buf;
        size_out = size;
    }

    /* now encode as many frames as possible */
    if (enc->frame_size > 1) {
        /* output resampled raw samples */
        av_fifo_write(&ost->fifo, buftmp, size_out);

        frame_bytes = enc->frame_size * 2 * enc->channels;

        while (av_fifo_read(&ost->fifo, audio_buf, frame_bytes) == 0) {
            AVPacket pkt;
            av_init_packet(&pkt);

            ret = avcodec_encode_audio(enc, audio_out, audio_out_size,
                                       (short *)audio_buf);
            audio_size += ret;
            pkt.stream_index= ost->index;
            pkt.data= audio_out;
            pkt.size= ret;
            if(enc->coded_frame && enc->coded_frame->pts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE)
                pkt.pts= av_rescale_q(enc->coded_frame->pts, enc->time_base, ost->st->time_base);
            pkt.flags |= PKT_FLAG_KEY;
            write_frame(s, &pkt, ost->st->codec, bitstream_filters[ost->file_index][pkt.stream_index]);

            ost->sync_opts += enc->frame_size;
        }
    } else {
        AVPacket pkt;
        av_init_packet(&pkt);

        ost->sync_opts += size_out / (2 * enc->channels);

        /* output a pcm frame */
        /* XXX: change encoding codec API to avoid this ? */
        switch(enc->codec->id) {
        case CODEC_ID_PCM_S32LE:
        case CODEC_ID_PCM_S32BE:
        case CODEC_ID_PCM_U32LE:
        case CODEC_ID_PCM_U32BE:
            size_out = size_out << 1;
            break;
        case CODEC_ID_PCM_S24LE:
        case CODEC_ID_PCM_S24BE:
        case CODEC_ID_PCM_U24LE:
        case CODEC_ID_PCM_U24BE:
        case CODEC_ID_PCM_S24DAUD:
            size_out = size_out / 2 * 3;
            break;
        case CODEC_ID_PCM_S16LE:
        case CODEC_ID_PCM_S16BE:
        case CODEC_ID_PCM_U16LE:
        case CODEC_ID_PCM_U16BE:
            break;
        default:
            size_out = size_out >> 1;
            break;
        }
        ret = avcodec_encode_audio(enc, audio_out, size_out,
                                   (short *)buftmp);
        audio_size += ret;
        pkt.stream_index= ost->index;
        pkt.data= audio_out;
        pkt.size= ret;
        if(enc->coded_frame && enc->coded_frame->pts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE)
            pkt.pts= av_rescale_q(enc->coded_frame->pts, enc->time_base, ost->st->time_base);
        pkt.flags |= PKT_FLAG_KEY;
        write_frame(s, &pkt, ost->st->codec, bitstream_filters[ost->file_index][pkt.stream_index]);
    }
}

static void pre_process_video_frame(AVInputStream *ist, AVPicture *picture, void **bufp)
{
    AVCodecContext *dec;
    AVPicture *picture2;
    AVPicture picture_tmp;
    uint8_t *buf = 0;

    dec = ist->st->codec;

    /* deinterlace : must be done before any resize */
    if (do_deinterlace || using_vhook) {
        int size;

        /* create temporary picture */
        size = avpicture_get_size(dec->pix_fmt, dec->width, dec->height);
        buf = av_malloc(size);
        if (!buf)
            return;

        picture2 = &picture_tmp;
        avpicture_fill(picture2, buf, dec->pix_fmt, dec->width, dec->height);

        if (do_deinterlace){
            if(avpicture_deinterlace(picture2, picture,
                                     dec->pix_fmt, dec->width, dec->height) < 0) {
                /* if error, do not deinterlace */
                av_free(buf);
                buf = NULL;
                picture2 = picture;
            }
        } else {
            av_picture_copy(picture2, picture, dec->pix_fmt, dec->width, dec->height);
        }
    } else {
        picture2 = picture;
    }

    if (ENABLE_VHOOK)
        frame_hook_process(picture2, dec->pix_fmt, dec->width, dec->height,
                           1000000 * ist->pts / AV_TIME_BASE);

    if (picture != picture2)
        *picture = *picture2;
    *bufp = buf;
}

/* we begin to correct av delay at this threshold */
#define AV_DELAY_MAX 0.100

static void do_subtitle_out(AVFormatContext *s,
                            AVOutputStream *ost,
                            AVInputStream *ist,
                            AVSubtitle *sub,
                            int64_t pts)
{
    static uint8_t *subtitle_out = NULL;
    int subtitle_out_max_size = 65536;
    int subtitle_out_size, nb, i;
    AVCodecContext *enc;
    AVPacket pkt;

    if (pts == AV_NOPTS_VALUE) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Subtitle packets must have a pts\n");
        return;
    }

    enc = ost->st->codec;

    if (!subtitle_out) {
        subtitle_out = av_malloc(subtitle_out_max_size);
    }

    /* Note: DVB subtitle need one packet to draw them and one other
       packet to clear them */
    /* XXX: signal it in the codec context ? */
    if (enc->codec_id == CODEC_ID_DVB_SUBTITLE)
        nb = 2;
    else
        nb = 1;

    for(i = 0; i < nb; i++) {
        subtitle_out_size = avcodec_encode_subtitle(enc, subtitle_out,
                                                    subtitle_out_max_size, sub);

        av_init_packet(&pkt);
        pkt.stream_index = ost->index;
        pkt.data = subtitle_out;
        pkt.size = subtitle_out_size;
        pkt.pts = av_rescale_q(pts, ist->st->time_base, ost->st->time_base);
        if (enc->codec_id == CODEC_ID_DVB_SUBTITLE) {
            /* XXX: the pts correction is handled here. Maybe handling
               it in the codec would be better */
            if (i == 0)
                pkt.pts += 90 * sub->start_display_time;
            else
                pkt.pts += 90 * sub->end_display_time;
        }
        write_frame(s, &pkt, ost->st->codec, bitstream_filters[ost->file_index][pkt.stream_index]);
    }
}

static int bit_buffer_size= 1024*256;
static uint8_t *bit_buffer= NULL;

static void do_video_out(AVFormatContext *s,
                         AVOutputStream *ost,
                         AVInputStream *ist,
                         AVFrame *in_picture,
                         int *frame_size)
{
    int nb_frames, i, ret;
    AVFrame *final_picture, *formatted_picture, *resampling_dst, *padding_src;
    AVFrame picture_crop_temp, picture_pad_temp;
    AVCodecContext *enc, *dec;

    avcodec_get_frame_defaults(&picture_crop_temp);
    avcodec_get_frame_defaults(&picture_pad_temp);

    enc = ost->st->codec;
    dec = ist->st->codec;

    /* by default, we output a single frame */
    nb_frames = 1;

    *frame_size = 0;

    if(video_sync_method){
        double vdelta;
        vdelta = get_sync_ipts(ost) / av_q2d(enc->time_base) - ost->sync_opts;
        //FIXME set to 0.5 after we fix some dts/pts bugs like in avidec.c
        if (vdelta < -1.1)
            nb_frames = 0;
        else if (vdelta > 1.1)
            nb_frames = lrintf(vdelta);
//fprintf(stderr, "vdelta:%f, ost->sync_opts:%"PRId64", ost->sync_ipts:%f nb_frames:%d\n", vdelta, ost->sync_opts, ost->sync_ipts, nb_frames);
        if (nb_frames == 0){
            ++nb_frames_drop;
            if (verbose>2)
                fprintf(stderr, "*** drop!\n");
        }else if (nb_frames > 1) {
            nb_frames_dup += nb_frames;
            if (verbose>2)
                fprintf(stderr, "*** %d dup!\n", nb_frames-1);
        }
    }else
        ost->sync_opts= lrintf(get_sync_ipts(ost) / av_q2d(enc->time_base));

    nb_frames= FFMIN(nb_frames, max_frames[CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO] - ost->frame_number);
    if (nb_frames <= 0)
        return;

    if (ost->video_crop) {
        if (av_picture_crop((AVPicture *)&picture_crop_temp, (AVPicture *)in_picture, dec->pix_fmt, ost->topBand, ost->leftBand) < 0) {
            av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "error cropping picture\n");
            return;
        }
        formatted_picture = &picture_crop_temp;
    } else {
        formatted_picture = in_picture;
    }

    final_picture = formatted_picture;
    padding_src = formatted_picture;
    resampling_dst = &ost->pict_tmp;
    if (ost->video_pad) {
        final_picture = &ost->pict_tmp;
        if (ost->video_resample) {
            if (av_picture_crop((AVPicture *)&picture_pad_temp, (AVPicture *)final_picture, enc->pix_fmt, ost->padtop, ost->padleft) < 0) {
                av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "error padding picture\n");
                return;
            }
            resampling_dst = &picture_pad_temp;
        }
    }

    if (ost->video_resample) {
        padding_src = NULL;
        final_picture = &ost->pict_tmp;
        sws_scale(ost->img_resample_ctx, formatted_picture->data, formatted_picture->linesize,
              0, ost->resample_height, resampling_dst->data, resampling_dst->linesize);
    }

    if (ost->video_pad) {
        av_picture_pad((AVPicture*)final_picture, (AVPicture *)padding_src,
                enc->height, enc->width, enc->pix_fmt,
                ost->padtop, ost->padbottom, ost->padleft, ost->padright, padcolor);
    }

    /* duplicates frame if needed */
    for(i=0;i<nb_frames;i++) {
        AVPacket pkt;
        av_init_packet(&pkt);
        pkt.stream_index= ost->index;

        if (s->oformat->flags & AVFMT_RAWPICTURE) {
            /* raw pictures are written as AVPicture structure to
               avoid any copies. We support temorarily the older
               method. */
            AVFrame* old_frame = enc->coded_frame;
            enc->coded_frame = dec->coded_frame; //FIXME/XXX remove this hack
            pkt.data= (uint8_t *)final_picture;
            pkt.size=  sizeof(AVPicture);
            if(dec->coded_frame && enc->coded_frame->pts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE)
                pkt.pts= av_rescale_q(enc->coded_frame->pts, enc->time_base, ost->st->time_base);
            if(dec->coded_frame && dec->coded_frame->key_frame)
                pkt.flags |= PKT_FLAG_KEY;

            write_frame(s, &pkt, ost->st->codec, bitstream_filters[ost->file_index][pkt.stream_index]);
            enc->coded_frame = old_frame;
        } else {
            AVFrame big_picture;

            big_picture= *final_picture;
            /* better than nothing: use input picture interlaced
               settings */
            big_picture.interlaced_frame = in_picture->interlaced_frame;
            if(avctx_opts[CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO]->flags & (CODEC_FLAG_INTERLACED_DCT|CODEC_FLAG_INTERLACED_ME)){
                if(top_field_first == -1)
                    big_picture.top_field_first = in_picture->top_field_first;
                else
                    big_picture.top_field_first = top_field_first;
            }

            /* handles sameq here. This is not correct because it may
               not be a global option */
            if (same_quality) {
                big_picture.quality = ist->st->quality;
            }else
                big_picture.quality = ost->st->quality;
            if(!me_threshold)
                big_picture.pict_type = 0;
//            big_picture.pts = AV_NOPTS_VALUE;
            big_picture.pts= ost->sync_opts;
//            big_picture.pts= av_rescale(ost->sync_opts, AV_TIME_BASE*(int64_t)enc->time_base.num, enc->time_base.den);
//av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "%"PRId64" -> encoder\n", ost->sync_opts);
            ret = avcodec_encode_video(enc,
                                       bit_buffer, bit_buffer_size,
                                       &big_picture);
            if (ret == -1) {
                fprintf(stderr, "Video encoding failed\n");
                exit(1);
            }
            //enc->frame_number = enc->real_pict_num;
            if(ret>0){
                pkt.data= bit_buffer;
                pkt.size= ret;
                if(enc->coded_frame && enc->coded_frame->pts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE)
                    pkt.pts= av_rescale_q(enc->coded_frame->pts, enc->time_base, ost->st->time_base);
/*av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "encoder -> %"PRId64"/%"PRId64"\n",
   pkt.pts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE ? av_rescale(pkt.pts, enc->time_base.den, AV_TIME_BASE*(int64_t)enc->time_base.num) : -1,
   pkt.dts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE ? av_rescale(pkt.dts, enc->time_base.den, AV_TIME_BASE*(int64_t)enc->time_base.num) : -1);*/

                if(enc->coded_frame && enc->coded_frame->key_frame)
                    pkt.flags |= PKT_FLAG_KEY;
                write_frame(s, &pkt, ost->st->codec, bitstream_filters[ost->file_index][pkt.stream_index]);
                *frame_size = ret;
                //fprintf(stderr,"\nFrame: %3d %3d size: %5d type: %d",
                //        enc->frame_number-1, enc->real_pict_num, ret,
                //        enc->pict_type);
                /* if two pass, output log */
                if (ost->logfile && enc->stats_out) {
                    fprintf(ost->logfile, "%s", enc->stats_out);
                }
            }
        }
        ost->sync_opts++;
        ost->frame_number++;
    }
}

static double psnr(double d){
    if(d==0) return INFINITY;
    return -10.0*log(d)/log(10.0);
}

static void do_video_stats(AVFormatContext *os, AVOutputStream *ost,
                           int frame_size)
{
    AVCodecContext *enc;
    int frame_number;
    double ti1, bitrate, avg_bitrate;

    /* this is executed just the first time do_video_stats is called */
    if (!vstats_file) {
        vstats_file = fopen(vstats_filename, "w");
        if (!vstats_file) {
            perror("fopen");
            exit(1);
        }
    }

    enc = ost->st->codec;
    if (enc->codec_type == CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO) {
        frame_number = ost->frame_number;
        fprintf(vstats_file, "frame= %5d q= %2.1f ", frame_number, enc->coded_frame->quality/(float)FF_QP2LAMBDA);
        if (enc->flags&CODEC_FLAG_PSNR)
            fprintf(vstats_file, "PSNR= %6.2f ", psnr(enc->coded_frame->error[0]/(enc->width*enc->height*255.0*255.0)));

        fprintf(vstats_file,"f_size= %6d ", frame_size);
        /* compute pts value */
        ti1 = ost->sync_opts * av_q2d(enc->time_base);
        if (ti1 < 0.01)
            ti1 = 0.01;

        bitrate = (frame_size * 8) / av_q2d(enc->time_base) / 1000.0;
        avg_bitrate = (double)(video_size * 8) / ti1 / 1000.0;
        fprintf(vstats_file, "s_size= %8.0fkB time= %0.3f br= %7.1fkbits/s avg_br= %7.1fkbits/s ",
            (double)video_size / 1024, ti1, bitrate, avg_bitrate);
        fprintf(vstats_file,"type= %c\n", av_get_pict_type_char(enc->coded_frame->pict_type));
    }
}

static void print_report(AVFormatContext **output_files,
                         AVOutputStream **ost_table, int nb_ostreams,
                         int is_last_report)
{
    char buf[1024];
    AVOutputStream *ost;
    AVFormatContext *oc, *os;
    int64_t total_size;
    AVCodecContext *enc;
    int frame_number, vid, i;
    double bitrate, ti1, pts;
    static int64_t last_time = -1;
    static int qp_histogram[52];

    if (!is_last_report) {
        int64_t cur_time;
        /* display the report every 0.5 seconds */
        cur_time = av_gettime();
        if (last_time == -1) {
            last_time = cur_time;
            return;
        }
        if ((cur_time - last_time) < 500000)
            return;
        last_time = cur_time;
    }


    oc = output_files[0];

    total_size = url_fsize(&oc->pb);
    if(total_size<0) // FIXME improve url_fsize() so it works with non seekable output too
        total_size= url_ftell(&oc->pb);

    buf[0] = '\0';
    ti1 = 1e10;
    vid = 0;
    for(i=0;i<nb_ostreams;i++) {
        ost = ost_table[i];
        os = output_files[ost->file_index];
        enc = ost->st->codec;
        if (vid && enc->codec_type == CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO) {
            snprintf(buf + strlen(buf), sizeof(buf) - strlen(buf), "q=%2.1f ",
                    enc->coded_frame->quality/(float)FF_QP2LAMBDA);
        }
        if (!vid && enc->codec_type == CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO) {
            float t = (av_gettime()-timer_start) / 1000000.0;

            frame_number = ost->frame_number;
            snprintf(buf + strlen(buf), sizeof(buf) - strlen(buf), "frame=%5d fps=%3d q=%3.1f ",
                     frame_number, (t>1)?(int)(frame_number/t+0.5) : 0,
                     enc->coded_frame ? enc->coded_frame->quality/(float)FF_QP2LAMBDA : -1);
            if(is_last_report)
                snprintf(buf + strlen(buf), sizeof(buf) - strlen(buf), "L");
            if(qp_hist && enc->coded_frame){
                int j;
                int qp= lrintf(enc->coded_frame->quality/(float)FF_QP2LAMBDA);
                if(qp>=0 && qp<sizeof(qp_histogram)/sizeof(int))
                    qp_histogram[qp]++;
                for(j=0; j<32; j++)
                    snprintf(buf + strlen(buf), sizeof(buf) - strlen(buf), "%X", (int)lrintf(log(qp_histogram[j]+1)/log(2)));
            }
            if (enc->flags&CODEC_FLAG_PSNR){
                int j;
                double error, error_sum=0;
                double scale, scale_sum=0;
                char type[3]= {'Y','U','V'};
                snprintf(buf + strlen(buf), sizeof(buf) - strlen(buf), "PSNR=");
                for(j=0; j<3; j++){
                    if(is_last_report){
                        error= enc->error[j];
                        scale= enc->width*enc->height*255.0*255.0*frame_number;
                    }else{
                        error= enc->coded_frame->error[j];
                        scale= enc->width*enc->height*255.0*255.0;
                    }
                    if(j) scale/=4;
                    error_sum += error;
                    scale_sum += scale;
                    snprintf(buf + strlen(buf), sizeof(buf) - strlen(buf), "%c:%2.2f ", type[j], psnr(error/scale));
                }
                snprintf(buf + strlen(buf), sizeof(buf) - strlen(buf), "*:%2.2f ", psnr(error_sum/scale_sum));
            }
            vid = 1;
        }
        /* compute min output value */
        pts = (double)ost->st->pts.val * av_q2d(ost->st->time_base);
        if ((pts < ti1) && (pts > 0))
            ti1 = pts;
    }
    if (ti1 < 0.01)
        ti1 = 0.01;

    if (verbose || is_last_report) {
        bitrate = (double)(total_size * 8) / ti1 / 1000.0;

        snprintf(buf + strlen(buf), sizeof(buf) - strlen(buf),
            "size=%8.0fkB time=%0.1f bitrate=%6.1fkbits/s",
            (double)total_size / 1024, ti1, bitrate);

        if (verbose > 1)
          snprintf(buf + strlen(buf), sizeof(buf) - strlen(buf), " dup=%d drop=%d",
                  nb_frames_dup, nb_frames_drop);

        if (verbose >= 0)
            fprintf(stderr, "%s    \r", buf);

        fflush(stderr);
    }

    if (is_last_report && verbose >= 0){
        int64_t raw= audio_size + video_size + extra_size;
        fprintf(stderr, "\n");
        fprintf(stderr, "video:%1.0fkB audio:%1.0fkB global headers:%1.0fkB muxing overhead %f%%\n",
                video_size/1024.0,
                audio_size/1024.0,
                extra_size/1024.0,
                100.0*(total_size - raw)/raw
        );
    }
}

/* pkt = NULL means EOF (needed to flush decoder buffers) */
static int output_packet(AVInputStream *ist, int ist_index,
                         AVOutputStream **ost_table, int nb_ostreams,
                         const AVPacket *pkt)
{
    AVFormatContext *os;
    AVOutputStream *ost;
    uint8_t *ptr;
    int len, ret, i;
    uint8_t *data_buf;
    int data_size, got_picture;
    AVFrame picture;
    void *buffer_to_free;
    static unsigned int samples_size= 0;
    static short *samples= NULL;
    AVSubtitle subtitle, *subtitle_to_free;
    int got_subtitle;

    if(!pkt){
        ist->pts= ist->next_pts; // needed for last packet if vsync=0
    } else if (pkt->dts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE) { //FIXME seems redundant, as libavformat does this too
        ist->next_pts = ist->pts = av_rescale_q(pkt->dts, ist->st->time_base, AV_TIME_BASE_Q);
    } else {
//        assert(ist->pts == ist->next_pts);
    }

    if (pkt == NULL) {
        /* EOF handling */
        ptr = NULL;
        len = 0;
        goto handle_eof;
    }

    len = pkt->size;
    ptr = pkt->data;
    while (len > 0) {
    handle_eof:
        /* decode the packet if needed */
        data_buf = NULL; /* fail safe */
        data_size = 0;
        subtitle_to_free = NULL;
        if (ist->decoding_needed) {
            switch(ist->st->codec->codec_type) {
            case CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO:{
                if(pkt)
                    samples= av_fast_realloc(samples, &samples_size, FFMAX(pkt->size*sizeof(*samples), AVCODEC_MAX_AUDIO_FRAME_SIZE));
                data_size= samples_size;
                    /* XXX: could avoid copy if PCM 16 bits with same
                       endianness as CPU */
                ret = avcodec_decode_audio2(ist->st->codec, samples, &data_size,
                                           ptr, len);
                if (ret < 0)
                    goto fail_decode;
                ptr += ret;
                len -= ret;
                /* Some bug in mpeg audio decoder gives */
                /* data_size < 0, it seems they are overflows */
                if (data_size <= 0) {
                    /* no audio frame */
                    continue;
                }
                data_buf = (uint8_t *)samples;
                ist->next_pts += ((int64_t)AV_TIME_BASE/2 * data_size) /
                    (ist->st->codec->sample_rate * ist->st->codec->channels);
                break;}
            case CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO:
                    data_size = (ist->st->codec->width * ist->st->codec->height * 3) / 2;
                    /* XXX: allocate picture correctly */
                    avcodec_get_frame_defaults(&picture);

                    ret = avcodec_decode_video(ist->st->codec,
                                               &picture, &got_picture, ptr, len);
                    ist->st->quality= picture.quality;
                    if (ret < 0)
                        goto fail_decode;
                    if (!got_picture) {
                        /* no picture yet */
                        goto discard_packet;
                    }
                    if (ist->st->codec->time_base.num != 0) {
                        ist->next_pts += ((int64_t)AV_TIME_BASE *
                                          ist->st->codec->time_base.num) /
                            ist->st->codec->time_base.den;
                    }
                    len = 0;
                    break;
            case CODEC_TYPE_SUBTITLE:
                ret = avcodec_decode_subtitle(ist->st->codec,
                                              &subtitle, &got_subtitle, ptr, len);
                if (ret < 0)
                    goto fail_decode;
                if (!got_subtitle) {
                    goto discard_packet;
                }
                subtitle_to_free = &subtitle;
                len = 0;
                break;
            default:
                goto fail_decode;
            }
        } else {
            switch(ist->st->codec->codec_type) {
            case CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO:
                ist->next_pts += ((int64_t)AV_TIME_BASE * ist->st->codec->frame_size) /
                    (ist->st->codec->sample_rate * ist->st->codec->channels);
                break;
            case CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO:
                if (ist->st->codec->time_base.num != 0) {
                    ist->next_pts += ((int64_t)AV_TIME_BASE *
                                      ist->st->codec->time_base.num) /
                        ist->st->codec->time_base.den;
                }
                break;
            }
            data_buf = ptr;
            data_size = len;
            ret = len;
            len = 0;
        }

        buffer_to_free = NULL;
        if (ist->st->codec->codec_type == CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO) {
            pre_process_video_frame(ist, (AVPicture *)&picture,
                                    &buffer_to_free);
        }

        // preprocess audio (volume)
        if (ist->st->codec->codec_type == CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO) {
            if (audio_volume != 256) {
                short *volp;
                volp = samples;
                for(i=0;i<(data_size / sizeof(short));i++) {
                    int v = ((*volp) * audio_volume + 128) >> 8;
                    if (v < -32768) v = -32768;
                    if (v >  32767) v = 32767;
                    *volp++ = v;
                }
            }
        }

        /* frame rate emulation */
        if (ist->st->codec->rate_emu) {
            int64_t pts = av_rescale((int64_t) ist->frame * ist->st->codec->time_base.num, 1000000, ist->st->codec->time_base.den);
            int64_t now = av_gettime() - ist->start;
            if (pts > now)
                usleep(pts - now);

            ist->frame++;
        }

#if 0
        /* mpeg PTS deordering : if it is a P or I frame, the PTS
           is the one of the next displayed one */
        /* XXX: add mpeg4 too ? */
        if (ist->st->codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_MPEG1VIDEO) {
            if (ist->st->codec->pict_type != B_TYPE) {
                int64_t tmp;
                tmp = ist->last_ip_pts;
                ist->last_ip_pts  = ist->frac_pts.val;
                ist->frac_pts.val = tmp;
            }
        }
#endif
        /* if output time reached then transcode raw format,
           encode packets and output them */
        if (start_time == 0 || ist->pts >= start_time)
            for(i=0;i<nb_ostreams;i++) {
                int frame_size;

                ost = ost_table[i];
                if (ost->source_index == ist_index) {
                    os = output_files[ost->file_index];

#if 0
                    printf("%d: got pts=%0.3f %0.3f\n", i,
                           (double)pkt->pts / AV_TIME_BASE,
                           ((double)ist->pts / AV_TIME_BASE) -
                           ((double)ost->st->pts.val * ost->st->time_base.num / ost->st->time_base.den));
#endif
                    /* set the input output pts pairs */
                    //ost->sync_ipts = (double)(ist->pts + input_files_ts_offset[ist->file_index] - start_time)/ AV_TIME_BASE;

                    if (ost->encoding_needed) {
                        switch(ost->st->codec->codec_type) {
                        case CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO:
                            do_audio_out(os, ost, ist, data_buf, data_size);
                            break;
                        case CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO:
                            do_video_out(os, ost, ist, &picture, &frame_size);
                            video_size += frame_size;
                            if (vstats_filename && frame_size)
                                do_video_stats(os, ost, frame_size);
                            break;
                        case CODEC_TYPE_SUBTITLE:
                            do_subtitle_out(os, ost, ist, &subtitle,
                                            pkt->pts);
                            break;
                        default:
                            abort();
                        }
                    } else {
                        AVFrame avframe; //FIXME/XXX remove this
                        AVPacket opkt;
                        av_init_packet(&opkt);

                        if (!ost->frame_number && !(pkt->flags & PKT_FLAG_KEY))
                            continue;

                        /* no reencoding needed : output the packet directly */
                        /* force the input stream PTS */

                        avcodec_get_frame_defaults(&avframe);
                        ost->st->codec->coded_frame= &avframe;
                        avframe.key_frame = pkt->flags & PKT_FLAG_KEY;

                        if(ost->st->codec->codec_type == CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO)
                            audio_size += data_size;
                        else if (ost->st->codec->codec_type == CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO) {
                            video_size += data_size;
                            ost->sync_opts++;
                        }

                        opkt.stream_index= ost->index;
                        if(pkt->pts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE)
                            opkt.pts= av_rescale_q(pkt->pts, ist->st->time_base, ost->st->time_base);
                        else
                            opkt.pts= AV_NOPTS_VALUE;

                            if (pkt->dts == AV_NOPTS_VALUE)
                                opkt.dts = av_rescale_q(ist->next_pts, AV_TIME_BASE_Q, ost->st->time_base);
                            else
                                opkt.dts = av_rescale_q(pkt->dts, ist->st->time_base, ost->st->time_base);

                        opkt.duration = av_rescale_q(pkt->duration, ist->st->time_base, ost->st->time_base);
                        opkt.flags= pkt->flags;

                        //FIXME remove the following 2 lines they shall be replaced by the bitstream filters
                        if(av_parser_change(ist->st->parser, ost->st->codec, &opkt.data, &opkt.size, data_buf, data_size, pkt->flags & PKT_FLAG_KEY))
                            opkt.destruct= av_destruct_packet;

                        write_frame(os, &opkt, ost->st->codec, bitstream_filters[ost->file_index][pkt->stream_index]);
                        ost->st->codec->frame_number++;
                        ost->frame_number++;
                        av_free_packet(&opkt);
                    }
                }
            }
        av_free(buffer_to_free);
        /* XXX: allocate the subtitles in the codec ? */
        if (subtitle_to_free) {
            if (subtitle_to_free->rects != NULL) {
                for (i = 0; i < subtitle_to_free->num_rects; i++) {
                    av_free(subtitle_to_free->rects[i].bitmap);
                    av_free(subtitle_to_free->rects[i].rgba_palette);
                }
                av_freep(&subtitle_to_free->rects);
            }
            subtitle_to_free->num_rects = 0;
            subtitle_to_free = NULL;
        }
    }
 discard_packet:
    if (pkt == NULL) {
        /* EOF handling */

        for(i=0;i<nb_ostreams;i++) {
            ost = ost_table[i];
            if (ost->source_index == ist_index) {
                AVCodecContext *enc= ost->st->codec;
                os = output_files[ost->file_index];

                if(ost->st->codec->codec_type == CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO && enc->frame_size <=1)
                    continue;
                if(ost->st->codec->codec_type == CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO && (os->oformat->flags & AVFMT_RAWPICTURE))
                    continue;

                if (ost->encoding_needed) {
                    for(;;) {
                        AVPacket pkt;
                        int fifo_bytes;
                        av_init_packet(&pkt);
                        pkt.stream_index= ost->index;

                        switch(ost->st->codec->codec_type) {
                        case CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO:
                            fifo_bytes = av_fifo_size(&ost->fifo);
                            ret = 0;
                            /* encode any samples remaining in fifo */
                            if(fifo_bytes > 0 && enc->codec->capabilities & CODEC_CAP_SMALL_LAST_FRAME) {
                                int fs_tmp = enc->frame_size;
                                enc->frame_size = fifo_bytes / (2 * enc->channels);
                                if(av_fifo_read(&ost->fifo, (uint8_t *)samples, fifo_bytes) == 0) {
                                    ret = avcodec_encode_audio(enc, bit_buffer, bit_buffer_size, samples);
                                }
                                enc->frame_size = fs_tmp;
                            }
                            if(ret <= 0) {
                                ret = avcodec_encode_audio(enc, bit_buffer, bit_buffer_size, NULL);
                            }
                            audio_size += ret;
                            pkt.flags |= PKT_FLAG_KEY;
                            break;
                        case CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO:
                            ret = avcodec_encode_video(enc, bit_buffer, bit_buffer_size, NULL);
                            video_size += ret;
                            if(enc->coded_frame && enc->coded_frame->key_frame)
                                pkt.flags |= PKT_FLAG_KEY;
                            if (ost->logfile && enc->stats_out) {
                                fprintf(ost->logfile, "%s", enc->stats_out);
                            }
                            break;
                        default:
                            ret=-1;
                        }

                        if(ret<=0)
                            break;
                        pkt.data= bit_buffer;
                        pkt.size= ret;
                        if(enc->coded_frame && enc->coded_frame->pts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE)
                            pkt.pts= av_rescale_q(enc->coded_frame->pts, enc->time_base, ost->st->time_base);
                        write_frame(os, &pkt, ost->st->codec, bitstream_filters[ost->file_index][pkt.stream_index]);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    return 0;
 fail_decode:
    return -1;
}

static void print_sdp(AVFormatContext **avc, int n)
{
    char sdp[2048];

    avf_sdp_create(avc, n, sdp, sizeof(sdp));
    printf("SDP:\n%s\n", sdp);
}

static int stream_index_from_inputs(AVFormatContext **input_files,
                                    int nb_input_files,
                                    AVInputFile *file_table,
                                    AVInputStream **ist_table,
                                    enum CodecType type,
                                    int programid)
{
    int p, q, r, s, z;
    AVInputStream *ist;
    for(z=0; z<nb_input_files; z++) {
        AVFormatContext *ic = input_files[z];
        for(p=0; p<ic->nb_programs; p++) {
            AVProgram *program = ic->programs[p];
            if(program->id != programid)
                continue;
            for(q=0; q<program->nb_stream_indexes; q++) {
                int sidx = program->stream_index[q];
                int ris = file_table[z].ist_index + sidx;
                if(ist_table[ris]->discard && ic->streams[sidx]->codec->codec_type == type)
                    return ris;
            }
        }
    }

    return -1;
}

/*
 * The following code is the main loop of the file converter
 */
static int av_encode(AVFormatContext **output_files,
                     int nb_output_files,
                     AVFormatContext **input_files,
                     int nb_input_files,
                     AVStreamMap *stream_maps, int nb_stream_maps)
{
    int ret, i, j, k, n, nb_istreams = 0, nb_ostreams = 0;
    AVFormatContext *is, *os;
    AVCodecContext *codec, *icodec;
    AVOutputStream *ost, **ost_table = NULL;
    AVInputStream *ist, **ist_table = NULL;
    AVInputFile *file_table;
    int key;
    int want_sdp = 1;

    file_table= (AVInputFile*) av_mallocz(nb_input_files * sizeof(AVInputFile));
    if (!file_table)
        goto fail;

    /* input stream init */
    j = 0;
    for(i=0;i<nb_input_files;i++) {
        is = input_files[i];
        file_table[i].ist_index = j;
        file_table[i].nb_streams = is->nb_streams;
        j += is->nb_streams;
    }
    nb_istreams = j;

    ist_table = av_mallocz(nb_istreams * sizeof(AVInputStream *));
    if (!ist_table)
        goto fail;

    for(i=0;i<nb_istreams;i++) {
        ist = av_mallocz(sizeof(AVInputStream));
        if (!ist)
            goto fail;
        ist_table[i] = ist;
    }
    j = 0;
    for(i=0;i<nb_input_files;i++) {
        is = input_files[i];
        for(k=0;k<is->nb_streams;k++) {
            ist = ist_table[j++];
            ist->st = is->streams[k];
            ist->file_index = i;
            ist->index = k;
            ist->discard = 1; /* the stream is discarded by default
                                 (changed later) */

            if (ist->st->codec->rate_emu) {
                ist->start = av_gettime();
                ist->frame = 0;
            }
        }
    }

    /* output stream init */
    nb_ostreams = 0;
    for(i=0;i<nb_output_files;i++) {
        os = output_files[i];
        if (!os->nb_streams) {
            fprintf(stderr, "Output file does not contain any stream\n");
            exit(1);
        }
        nb_ostreams += os->nb_streams;
    }
    if (nb_stream_maps > 0 && nb_stream_maps != nb_ostreams) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Number of stream maps must match number of output streams\n");
        exit(1);
    }

    /* Sanity check the mapping args -- do the input files & streams exist? */
    for(i=0;i<nb_stream_maps;i++) {
        int fi = stream_maps[i].file_index;
        int si = stream_maps[i].stream_index;

        if (fi < 0 || fi > nb_input_files - 1 ||
            si < 0 || si > file_table[fi].nb_streams - 1) {
            fprintf(stderr,"Could not find input stream #%d.%d\n", fi, si);
            exit(1);
        }
        fi = stream_maps[i].sync_file_index;
        si = stream_maps[i].sync_stream_index;
        if (fi < 0 || fi > nb_input_files - 1 ||
            si < 0 || si > file_table[fi].nb_streams - 1) {
            fprintf(stderr,"Could not find sync stream #%d.%d\n", fi, si);
            exit(1);
        }
    }

    ost_table = av_mallocz(sizeof(AVOutputStream *) * nb_ostreams);
    if (!ost_table)
        goto fail;
    for(i=0;i<nb_ostreams;i++) {
        ost = av_mallocz(sizeof(AVOutputStream));
        if (!ost)
            goto fail;
        ost_table[i] = ost;
    }

    n = 0;
    for(k=0;k<nb_output_files;k++) {
        os = output_files[k];
        for(i=0;i<os->nb_streams;i++) {
            int found;
            ost = ost_table[n++];
            ost->file_index = k;
            ost->index = i;
            ost->st = os->streams[i];
            if (nb_stream_maps > 0) {
                ost->source_index = file_table[stream_maps[n-1].file_index].ist_index +
                    stream_maps[n-1].stream_index;

                /* Sanity check that the stream types match */
                if (ist_table[ost->source_index]->st->codec->codec_type != ost->st->codec->codec_type) {
                    fprintf(stderr, "Codec type mismatch for mapping #%d.%d -> #%d.%d\n",
                        stream_maps[n-1].file_index, stream_maps[n-1].stream_index,
                        ost->file_index, ost->index);
                    exit(1);
                }

            } else {
                if(opt_programid) {
                    found = 0;
                    j = stream_index_from_inputs(input_files, nb_input_files, file_table, ist_table, ost->st->codec->codec_type, opt_programid);
                    if(j != -1) {
                        ost->source_index = j;
                        found = 1;
                    }
                } else {
                    /* get corresponding input stream index : we select the first one with the right type */
                    found = 0;
                    for(j=0;j<nb_istreams;j++) {
                        ist = ist_table[j];
                        if (ist->discard &&
                            ist->st->codec->codec_type == ost->st->codec->codec_type) {
                            ost->source_index = j;
                            found = 1;
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                }

                if (!found) {
                    if(! opt_programid) {
                        /* try again and reuse existing stream */
                        for(j=0;j<nb_istreams;j++) {
                            ist = ist_table[j];
                            if (ist->st->codec->codec_type == ost->st->codec->codec_type) {
                                ost->source_index = j;
                                found = 1;
                            }
                        }
                    }
                    if (!found) {
                        fprintf(stderr, "Could not find input stream matching output stream #%d.%d\n",
                                ost->file_index, ost->index);
                        exit(1);
                    }
                }
            }
            ist = ist_table[ost->source_index];
            ist->discard = 0;
            ost->sync_ist = (nb_stream_maps > 0) ?
                ist_table[file_table[stream_maps[n-1].sync_file_index].ist_index +
                         stream_maps[n-1].sync_stream_index] : ist;
        }
    }

    /* for each output stream, we compute the right encoding parameters */
    for(i=0;i<nb_ostreams;i++) {
        ost = ost_table[i];
        os = output_files[ost->file_index];
        ist = ist_table[ost->source_index];

        codec = ost->st->codec;
        icodec = ist->st->codec;

        if (!ost->st->language[0])
            av_strlcpy(ost->st->language, ist->st->language,
                       sizeof(ost->st->language));

        if (ost->st->stream_copy) {
            /* if stream_copy is selected, no need to decode or encode */
            codec->codec_id = icodec->codec_id;
            codec->codec_type = icodec->codec_type;

            if(!codec->codec_tag){
                if(   !os->oformat->codec_tag
                   || av_codec_get_id (os->oformat->codec_tag, icodec->codec_tag) > 0
                   || av_codec_get_tag(os->oformat->codec_tag, icodec->codec_id) <= 0)
                    codec->codec_tag = icodec->codec_tag;
            }

            codec->bit_rate = icodec->bit_rate;
            codec->extradata= icodec->extradata;
            codec->extradata_size= icodec->extradata_size;
            if(av_q2d(icodec->time_base) > av_q2d(ist->st->time_base) && av_q2d(ist->st->time_base) < 1.0/1000)
                codec->time_base = icodec->time_base;
            else
                codec->time_base = ist->st->time_base;
            switch(codec->codec_type) {
            case CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO:
                codec->sample_rate = icodec->sample_rate;
                codec->channels = icodec->channels;
                codec->frame_size = icodec->frame_size;
                codec->block_align= icodec->block_align;
                if(codec->block_align == 1 && codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_MP3)
                    codec->block_align= 0;
                break;
            case CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO:
                if(using_vhook) {
                    fprintf(stderr,"-vcodec copy and -vhook are incompatible (frames are not decoded)\n");
                    exit(1);
                }
                codec->pix_fmt = icodec->pix_fmt;
                codec->width = icodec->width;
                codec->height = icodec->height;
                codec->has_b_frames = icodec->has_b_frames;
                break;
            case CODEC_TYPE_SUBTITLE:
                break;
            default:
                abort();
            }
        } else {
            switch(codec->codec_type) {
            case CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO:
                if (av_fifo_init(&ost->fifo, 2 * MAX_AUDIO_PACKET_SIZE))
                    goto fail;

                if (codec->channels == icodec->channels &&
                    codec->sample_rate == icodec->sample_rate) {
                    ost->audio_resample = 0;
                } else {
                    if (codec->channels != icodec->channels &&
                        (icodec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_AC3 ||
                         icodec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_DTS)) {
                        /* Special case for 5:1 AC3 and DTS input */
                        /* and mono or stereo output      */
                        /* Request specific number of channels */
                        icodec->channels = codec->channels;
                        if (codec->sample_rate == icodec->sample_rate)
                            ost->audio_resample = 0;
                        else {
                            ost->audio_resample = 1;
                        }
                    } else {
                        ost->audio_resample = 1;
                    }
                }
                if(audio_sync_method>1)
                    ost->audio_resample = 1;

                if(ost->audio_resample){
                    ost->resample = audio_resample_init(codec->channels, icodec->channels,
                                                    codec->sample_rate, icodec->sample_rate);
                    if(!ost->resample){
                        printf("Can't resample.  Aborting.\n");
                        abort();
                    }
                }
                ist->decoding_needed = 1;
                ost->encoding_needed = 1;
                break;
            case CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO:
                ost->video_crop = ((frame_leftBand + frame_rightBand + frame_topBand + frame_bottomBand) != 0);
                ost->video_pad = ((frame_padleft + frame_padright + frame_padtop + frame_padbottom) != 0);
                ost->video_resample = ((codec->width != icodec->width -
                                (fra
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